Friday, January 27, 2017

Transparency is the only way in the future of fighting against doping

For the moment resources of international sport federations are limited and out-of-competition control (OOC) is not sufficient. This is true for IOF, and even for IAAF (see below). And National Anti-doping organizations are not able to provide good quality in this sphere. There is 139 registered NADA. But only ~20 makes proper work with OOC. There is the only one solution in this situation.

Athletes have to declare transparency like a main principle!

What does it mean? If you are clean athletes, there are no reasons to hide the way you make training, TUE you use, or make a secret from your physiological and biochemical data! Secrecy is the sign of something suspicious.

British track&fields athletes have gave us an example of data transparency. They published their biological pass info to show for every-one that if you are clean - then you have nothing to hide:
Actually Paula Radcliffe (holder of WR in marathon) data is quite suspicious but she gave some explanations about altitude influence and dehydration. But her data is far away from crazy chart from Lilia Shobukhova (banned marathon runner):
Off-score values are outside of the acceptable corridor.

Every-one may repeat the action of British athletes and open their biochemical data. Biological pass data from Galina Vinogradova is here:

Even altitude exposures did not bring abnormality:

Data was collected during 2,5 years from clinical blood check-ups:

Formula for off-score calculation is pretty simple:
Off-score = Hemoglobin - 60* (Reticulocytes (%))^0,5
Example of calculations:
Off-score = 151 - 60 * (0,76)^0,5=98,7

For biological passport you need to have 5-9 blood check-ups, separated by at least 3 weeks.

Publication of training data is another way to show your openness. I publish such data from Vinogradova Galina on the regular base.

New detailed information from 2016 is here:
1) VO2 max - 3,57 l/min (57,9 ml/min/kg) - 05/10/2016
2) Tmax speed (max speed in VO2max test) - 19,43 km/h (1,0% incline) or 3:05 min/km - 05/10/2016
3) ventilatory threshold-2 speed - 16,8 km/h (1,0% incline) or 3:34 min/km  - 05/10/2016
4) La=4,0 mmol/L speed - 17,1 km/h (1,0% incline) or 3:31 min/km - 25/10/2016
5) Oxygen consumption at VT-2 3,2 l/min (89,9% VO2max) - 05/10/2016.
6) Running economy 185,7 ml/kg/km (measured at speed 16 km/hour, or 3:45 min/km) - 05/10/2016.

Here are some key annual numbers from trainings of Galina:
1) total hours of trainings: 447:35
2) hours of strength trainings: 29:28.
3) hours of endurance trainings (including orienteering): 418:07
4) threshold running (hours:min): 20:55
5) high intensity trainings (above anaerobic threshold): 58:42 ('time in zone based on session goal' method).
6) aerobic sessions: 338:31
7) intensity level: 19,0% (training time with intensity faster then aerobic threshold)
8) TRIMPS: 42431,3
9) running sessions: 489 times
10) alternative trainings: 18 times
11) full rest or traveling days: 22 (without running or strength)
12) high-intensity session 53 times (excluding physiological tests and races; including forest or sprint O-intervals)
13) physiological tests (before exhaustion) - 2 times.
14) forest O-competitions - 32 times (including 10 WRE).
15) Sprint races (including Sprint relays) - 37 times (including 11 WRE).
16) Distance running competitions/time-trials (road running, cross-country running races, indoor/outdoor tracks) - 17 times.

Seasonal best (2016) in distance running:
1000 m indoor -  3:04.3 (Moscow, 01/04/2016)
1500 m indoor - 4:42.8 (Barnaul, 05/01/2016)
1500 m outdoor - 4:41.4 (Barnaul, 08/07/2016)
3000 m indoor - 9:57.9 (Barnaul, 10/12/2016)
3000 m outdoor - 9:47.0 (Barnaul, 03/08/2016)
5000 m outdoor - 16:54 (Gelendzhik, 02/11/2016)
10 km - 34:44 (Moscow, 25/09/2016) PB

(all time PBs of Galina Vinogradova in 3000 m and 5000 m are here).

Some statistics about overall problems:
1) 587 athletes from 141 countries participated in IAAF World indoor championships 2014 (Poland).
2) 193 athletes were top-8 in personal events. 106 among them were outside of international testing pools (54,9%).
3) 72 athletes (36,1%) personal medal winners were outside of OOC!
4) There were 25 gold medals winners (individual events), and 6 of them were outside of OOC (24,0%)!

Problems with limited resources to out-of-competition testing and biological pass creation is not unique for IOF. It is common problem for almost all international sport federations.

Do we want to solve problem and confirm that Orienteering is a clean sport? Then transparency is the only solution! Then elite athletes have to publish their biological pass and TUE data, training and physiological information. If we are clean, then there is nothing to hide! #CLEANSPORTCO #FairPlay


  1. Agree in what you write. However, you should add "means to provide the validity of data". Unfortunate, transparency of data or information have no value if you can not separate true data from fake data. Transparency has to go together with a regime of independent 3rd parties.

    1. Thanks for supporting words! You are right: validity of data is important. How is possible to separate true data from fake data? For some data it is easy to do, for some - it is not easy. But the main question: is it the movement in the right direction or not?..